Acne

Acne is a disorder of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands. Acne involves blocked pores which progress to pimples, cysts, and possible scarring. Acne is very common. 90% of the population is affected by acne at some time. It most often begins in puberty. During puberty, the male sex hormones, called androgens, increase in both boys and girls, causing the sebaceous glands to become more active and, thereby, increasing the production of oil (also called sebum). Dried oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria can ...

Athlete's foot

Athlete's foot is a common skin infection of the feet caused by a fungus. The fungus causes an itchy, red or flaky rash between the toes or soles of the feet that can become cracked and painful. Athlete’s foot is also known as tinea pedis, which means ‘tinea of the foot'. Although the name suggests otherwise, you don’t have to be an athlete to develop athlete’s foot – the fungus can infect anyone. The fungus grows in areas that are warm and humid, particularly the skin between the toes and sometimes the soles of the feet...

Psoriasis

While there are many skin conditions that can cause discomfort, one of the most well-known but least understood is psoriasis. This skin condition, which is often chronic and can affect individuals for decades, is usually caused by the body’s immune system. When people who suffer from psoriasis experience a flare up of symptoms, it is because the immune system sends out an overload of information to the skin cells. This causes cells to grow much more rapidly than normal, which leads to irregular patches of itchy...

Dermatitis

Dermatitis is a common skin condition. The term eczema is broadly applied to a range of persistent skin conditions. These include dryness and recurring skin rashes that are characterized by one or more of these symptoms: redness, skin swelling, itching and dryness, crusting, flaking, blistering, cracking, oozing, or bleeding. Areas of temporary skin discoloration may appear and are sometimes due to healed injuries. Scratching open a healing lesion may result in scarring. These three variations indicate that there...

Eczema

Eczema is a medical condition characterized by irritated and inflamed skin. Up to 20% of infants and nearly 3% of adults and children in Australia are affected with this condition. The majority of infants with eczema tend to outgrow the condition by their teenage years, though a good portion of adults suffer periodic symptoms for the rest of their life. Different types of eczema have been identified, with atopic eczema being the most common. Atopic eczema has a tendency of leading to other allergic conditions, like hay ...

Shingles

Shingles are the result of infection by the herpes zoster virus. It is a reactivation of the chickenpox virus, which the patient has contracted previously and treated. Shingles causes a similar outbreak to chicken pox, however in most cases in most cases it is more severe and painful. The infection will spread rapidly and cover large parts of the body, becoming inflamed, red and sore.A person with shingles must have to have previously contracted the chickenpox virus earlier in life. It often occurs in people that are...

Keloids

A keloid is an overgrown scar that projects above the skin surface. Skin heals by the formation of scar tissue, which at first is often red and thickened. The scar usually then flattens and becomes paler with time. Unfortunately, sometimes scars enlarge to form firm, smooth, hard growths called keloids. A hypertrophic scar has increased scar tissue but is confined to the area of injury. Hypertrophic scars may very slowly improve with time, whilst keloids are frequently permanent....

Lichen Planus

Lichen planus is an unusual skin condition affecting the skin and mucous membranes. The condition occurs when a trigger stimulates the immune system to begin targeting specific skin cells. Fortunately, around 85% of those who develop lichen planus will see it disappear within 18 months. It is important to have a medical specialist manage this condition. A full skin and mucous membrane examination is required. This is to determine the most appropriate treatment....

Moles

Moles, or nevi, are common, and most everyone recognizes a mole when they see one. But what is a mole exactly? A mole is simply a small cluster of pigmented cells, and they can be any number of colors on just about any part of your body. Most moles are simply skin marks that are not cause for concern. Some moles, though, can develop into skin cancer. Understanding when your mole needs to be examined by Dr. Goldberg helps ensure that your skin is healthy. ...

Warts

Warts are growths on the skin that are not cancerous. They appear on the skin when the top layer of skin is infected by a virus. Usually, warts develop when the skin is damaged and the virus is able to enter into the skin. Warts are caused by the HP virus (human papillomavirus), which is contagious. People with weak immune systems tend to get warts more than a healthy individual. Warts can grow on any part of the body. There are many different kinds of warts. The common wart, also known as the vurruca vulgaris, grow on ...

Impetigo

Impetigo is a skin infection commonly caused by one of two bacteria – Streptococcus pyogenes or Staphylococcus aureus. This infection affects the epidermis, which is the outer layer of the skin. Impetigo is colloquially known as school sores and is a highly contagious infection. Any part of the skin can be affected by impetigo. However, the areas of skin around the mouth and nose are often affected first. In some people, S. pyogenes and S. aureus are part of the normal flora (microorganisms that live harmlessly on our skin)...